A brief introduction to the Semitic languages by Aaron D. Rubin
By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an outline of this significant language kinfolk, together with either historical and smooth languages. After a short advent to the background of the relatives and its inner type, next chapters conceal subject matters in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to the various extra remarkable advancements that ensue within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra precise positive aspects. The chapters include plentiful examples from various languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme by means of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which help in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these no longer accustomed to a given language. Concluding the publication is a close advisor to extra examining, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short creation includes a wealthy number of info, and covers issues now not commonly present in brief sketches similar to this. The readability of presentation makes it worthwhile not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to benefit whatever approximately this crucial language relatives.
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Additional info for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages
For NENA, notew ); for Turoyo, see Jas 2009 (1999 , 2002 , 2004, 2008a, 2008b, . ld (1989 -91), and Arno see trow (1985 ); for Neo-West AramaIC, There are also more than a for Neo-Mandaic, see Haberl (2009 ). devoted to Neo-Aramalc ln dozen volumes (by various authors) HarrassowltZ. A very mce the series Semitica Viva, published by . can be found m Kban overvIew of the many NENA dialects (2007). , Zaki N. Abdel-Malek, and El-Said M. Badawi. 1979. A Comprehensive Study of Egyptian Arabic. Volwne 3: A Reference Grammar of Egyptian Arabic.
For example, two clauses coordinated with u can be reversed without altering any meaning; not so for clauses coordinated with -ma (Huehnergard 2005b). , Zay; see Meyer 2005). The proclitic coordinating particle *pa-, indicating sequen tial coordination ('and then'), is found in some Central Semitic languages, namely Ugaritic, Arabic, �ayhadic, Sam'alian, and a few Aramaic dialects. In a number of Ethiopian languages, we find an enclitic coordinator with an enclitic element n, including Amharic -nna and Tigrinya -no Although every Semitic language possesses at least one co ordinating conjunction, asyndetic coordination is also well at· tested in the family (72-73).
For some of the ancient languages, the issue of tense vs. aspect is a difficult one, and it is very difficult to say that the verbal system of, say, Akkadian or Biblical Hebrew, distin guished only tense Or only aspect (see Joosten 2002 and Cook 2006 for recent discussion on this issue in Biblical Hebrew). Past Tenses. In East Semitic (Akkadian), there existed a form known as the stative or verbal adjective, which was char acterized by suffixed pronominal forms, as opposed to other 49 the Semitic verbal system.