After the Car by Kingsley Dennis

By Kingsley Dennis

It really is tricky to visualize an international with no the automobile, and but that's precisely what Dennis and Urry got down to do during this provocative new ebook. They argue that the times of the auto are numbered: robust forces worldwide are undermining the auto method and should bring in a brand new shipping process someday within the following few many years. in particular, the publication examines how numerous significant tactics are shaping the way forward for how we trip, including:
• international warming and its many worldwide consequences
• Peaking of oil supplies
• elevated digitisation of many elements of monetary and social life
• tremendous international inhabitants increases
The authors examine adjustments in know-how, coverage, economic system and society, and make a powerful argument for a destiny the place, by way of necessity, the current motor vehicle approach should be re-designed and re-engineered.

Yet the ebook additionally means that there are a few highly bleak dilemmas dealing with the 21st century. The authors lay out what they think about to be attainable ‘post-car’ destiny eventualities. those they describe as ‘local sustainability’, ‘regional warlordism’ and ‘digital networks of control’.

After The Car could be of serious curiosity to planners, coverage makers, social scientists, futurologists, these operating in undefined, in addition to basic readers.

Some have defined the twentieth Century because the century of the automobile. Now that century has come to an in depth – and issues are approximately to change.

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Extra resources for After the Car

Sample text

Systems are in process. This significance of time for the very nature and develop­ ment of systems is particularly shown in thermodynamics. Rather than there being a reversibility of time as held in clas­ sical physics, a clear distinction is drawn between what has passed and what lies in the future. There is said to be an arrow of time that results in a loss of organization and an increase in randomness or disorder over time. This accumu­ lation of disorder or entropy results from the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

Such black swans are rare, unexpected and highly improbable, and yet can have huge impacts. They are outliers, not averages. 27 They are responsible for malcing history not crawl but jump. Such jumps result from processes of positive feedback in response to unexpected small events. They escalate change through a 'lock-in' that over time takes systems away from 'equilibrium'. As outlined in the previous chapter, once established, the petrol-based car system got locked in. Small causes occurring in a certain order at the end of the nine­ teenth century turned out to have irreversible consequences for the twentieth century.

The importance of these small but potentially highly fateful changes has recently been described through the theory of black swans. Such black swans are rare, unexpected and highly improbable, and yet can have huge impacts. They are outliers, not averages. 27 They are responsible for malcing history not crawl but jump. Such jumps result from processes of positive feedback in response to unexpected small events. They escalate change through a 'lock-in' that over time takes systems away from 'equilibrium'.

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