An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos

By Noah Lemos

Epistemology or the speculation of data is without doubt one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this publication offers a transparent and available advent to the topic. It discusses the various major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different themes contain the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant essentially for college students taking a first-class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content could additionally offer a great creation for a person drawn to figuring out extra approximately this significant zone of philosophy.

Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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In Cases 1 and 2, Smith has evidence for, and is justified in believing, some false proposition. From this falsehood he deduces a true proposition. On the basis of this inference he acquires a justified true belief, but not knowledge. What these cases show is that one can satisfy the requirements of the JTB account of knowledge, that one can meet the requirements laid out in D3, and yet fail to have knowledge. Gettier notes that the counter-examples he presents presuppose two things about epistemic justification.

Again, this is because there is a true proposition which is such that if Smith believed it, then he would not be justified in believing (h). If Smith were justified in believing the true proposition, that Jones is merely pretending to own a Ford, then he would not be justified in believing the false proposition (f), Jones owns a Ford, and, consequently, he would not be justified in believing (h). Since Smith’s belief in (h) does not meet condition (4) in D8, D8 implies that Smith does not know (h).

8 In the epistemological case, what one is justified in believing depends on one’s total evidence. So too, it would seem that in the ethical case, the right action depends on one’s total circumstances. Just as one’s reasons for performing certain actions can be defeated by further considerations, so too one’s reasons for believing various things can be defeated by further evidence. In this chapter, we have distinguished propositional knowledge from acquaintance knowledge and ‘‘how to’’ knowledge.

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