Apperception, Knowledge, and Experience by W. H. Bossart

By W. H. Bossart

Postmodernism is typically characterised as a lack of religion in cause, a lack of self, and an exaggerated relativism. W.H. Bossart discusses those alleged losses within the mild of the "triumph" and next decline of the transcendental flip in philosophy initiated by means of Kant.

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There are three analogies, he tells us, because there are three modes of time. But permanence, for example, does not seem to be a mode of time, nor can moments of time be said to co-exist with one another. Rather the modes of time seem to be relations that objects can have in time, rather than temporal determinations of time itself (see, for example, A183). Kant begins his argument by offering a review of his highly technical conception of experience. "Experience is an empirical knowledge, that is, a knowledge which determines an object through perceptions" (A176/B218).

In contrast, the whole of any concept is included in each of its instantiations. The latter cannot be thought as parts of the concept. Rather they must be thought of both as containing the concept and as different from it (B40, B134). Intuitions and concepts also differ concerning existence. "In the mere concept of a thing no mark of its existence is to be found. For though it may be so complete that nothing which is required for thinking the thing with all its inner determinations is lacking to it, yet existence has nothing to do with all this...

In perceiving the parts of a house I am able in my imagination to reverse the order of my original perceptions. We have seen that this cannot mean that I can reverse the order in which those perceptions originally followed one another in time but rather that I can imagine perceiving the parts of the house in an order that differs from the original one. This is possible because I understand that the parts of the house co-exist in time and are, therefore, indifferent to the order in which they are actually perceived.

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