Aristotle and Philoponus on Light by Jean De Groot

By Jean De Groot

Originally released in 1991. Philoponus’ lengthy remark on Aristotle’s definition of sunshine units up the foremost issues, either in optics and conception of sunshine, which are mentioned right here. mild was once of certain curiosity in Neoplatonism as a result of its being anything incorporeal on the planet of traditional our bodies. gentle for that reason had a unique function within the philosophical research of the interpenetration of our bodies and used to be additionally a paradigm for the soul-body challenge. The e-book comprises a lot in regards to the body structure of imaginative and prescient in addition to the propagation of sunshine. numerous chapters examine the philosophical thought in the back of what got here to be often called ‘multiplication of species’ in medieval mild thought. those concerns within the background of technology are positioned inside of an research of Neoplatonic improvement of the excellence among Aristotle’s kinesis and energeia. The e-book treats Philoponus’ philosophy of mathematical technological know-how from the perspective of topic, volume, and three-dimensionality.

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For instance, there is no logical contradiction in supposing that a thing might count as a ram – that is, fulfil the demands of the primary connotation – yet lack some or, indeed, all of these characteristics. It is not logically impossible that there could be a bald, hornless male sheep that lives in a barn and whose diet consists of potatoes. Why should critical thinkers be interested in the distinction between primary and secondary connotation? The most immediate relevance was demonstrated in our examination of vagueness.

Neither rhetorical ploys nor fallacies provide us with good reasons to do or believe that of which they attempt to persuade us. Fallacies are argumentative, but they constitute bad reasoning. Later, in Chapter 7, we refer to them as ‘pseudo-reasoning’. That is, they are still arguments in the sense that fits our definition of a set of propositions, some of which are premises, one of which is a conclusion, the latter intended to follow from the former. But in one way or another, they are bad arguments.

It is important to be aware of the possibility of irony. In order to ridicule a position they are opposed to, speakers and writers sometimes sarcastically pretend to espouse that position; but it isn’t always obvious that they are doing so. Implicitly relative sentences Consider the following examples: • • • • • She earns an above average salary. It is the best of its kind. Great Uncle Eddie is a fast runner. Taxes are high. The rent on our flat is low. Sentences such as these represent another potential problem for the critical thinker striving to work out exactly what a speaker or writer intends to convey by their words.

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