Biocatalysis and Bioenergy by Hou C.T. (ed.), Shaw J.-F. (ed.)

By Hou C.T. (ed.), Shaw J.-F. (ed.)

The chance of utilizing biocatalysis for the creation of power has nice power as a result of its cost-effectiveness, the truth that it doesn't require a constrained source comparable to oil, and its strength universality of program and use globally. this can be the definitive reference for biochemists and biochemical engineers, bioprocess and bioenergy scientists, actual and oil chemists (oleochemists), microbiologists, business microbiologists, molecular biologists, metabolic engineers operating in biocatalysis, bioethanol, and biodiesel fuels, DOE scientists engaged on renewable power, and different execs in comparable fields.

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0 mm2/s due to their higher content of saturated or trans fatty acids. 0 mm2/s at 40 °C. , 2003d). Viscosity is strongly temperature-dependent, increasing significantly with decreasing temperature. , 1966). The viscosity of a fatty acid ester depends on chain length as well as the number and nature of double bonds. The more CH2 groups in the chain the higher the viscosity, the greater the number of cis double bonds, the lower the viscosity.

Despite having equivalent IV, OSI results at 70 °C reported for methyl petroselinate (C18:1; Δ6) and vaccenate (C18:1; Δ11) were significantly higher than for methyl oleate (C18:1; Δ9). Besides position of the double bond, variations in alkyl headgroup chain length, hydrocarbon tailgroup chain length, and fatty acid or ester group functionality more significantly affected OSI than IV. Small quantities of unsaturated compounds containing bis-allylic carbon positions may have a disproportionately large effect on OSI compared to compounds containing just allylic carbon positions.

1. Monitoring Oxidative Stability Stavinoha and Howell (2000, 1999; Stavinoha, 1998) reviewed many standard tests and recommended modification of ASTM methods D 2274 (Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil [Accelerated Method]), D 4625 (Diesel Storage Stability at 43 °C), or D 6468 (High Temperature Stability of Distillate Fuels). , 2000). Bondioli et al. (2002) and Canakci et al. (1999) reported that D 2274 was not suitable for biodiesel because its degradation led to formation of soluble polymers that could not be efficiently isolated or quantified by washing and filtration.

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