Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions by R. H. Groves, F. Di Castri

By R. H. Groves, F. Di Castri

The Mediterranean basin, California, Chile, the western Cape of South Africa, and southern Australia proportion a Mediterranean weather characterised by means of cool, rainy winters and scorching, dry summers. those 5 areas have differing styles of human payment, yet similarities in common plants and a few faunal assemblages. those likenesses are superior with time through an expanding point of biotic alternate one of the areas. An initiative of a subcommittee of SCOPE (Scientific Committee on difficulties of the Environment), which learned that the integrity of many traditional ecosystems is being threatened by way of the ingress of invasive species, this booklet uniquely files the brought floras and faunas, in particular vegetation, buds, and mammals, in those 5 areas of Mediterranean weather, and goals to extend our knowing of the ecology of organic invasions. In doing so, it issues how to extra successfully deal with the biota of those areas.

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Mueller-Dombois, D. (1975). Climate - Diagram Maps (English edn). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Part II Historical background The climate of five regions of the world is characterised by a regular period of winter rainfall followed by a summer drought of varying length. Such a climate is termed 'mediterranean' because it is the typical climate of most countries of the Mediterranean Basin. This climatic feature is also characteristic of four other regions of the world-namely: extensive areas of California, Chile, South Africa and southern Australia.

Structure and functional response of ecosystems in the mediterranean climate of Australia. In Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems. Origin and Structure, ed. F. di Castri & H. A. Mooney, pp. 113-20. Berlin: SpringerVerlag. 16 Biogeography of mediterranean invasions Specht, R. L. ) (1979). Heathlands and Related Shrublands. A. Descriptive Studies. Ecosystems of the World, vol. 9A. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Walter, H. Harnickell, E. & Mueller-Dombois, D. (1975). Climate - Diagram Maps (English edn). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

In Languedoc in the Middle Ages (Planchais, 1982) and in Israel around the Lake of Galilee (Baruch, 1987). Palaeohistory of the Mediterranean biota 29 In summary, the biota of the Mediterranean Basin has undergone many changes over millennia. Invasions and extinctions of fauna are described subsequently by Cheylan (this volume) and Blondel (this volume). Floral change has been profound, especially the effects of domestication of crop species and the deliberate use of fire. The total result of all these biotic changes has been the creation of a mosaic of human-modified landscapes all over the Mediterranean Basin.

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