Biology of Termites: a Modern Synthesis by Paul Eggleton (auth.), David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin,

By Paul Eggleton (auth.), David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (eds.)

Biology of Termites, a latest Synthesis brings jointly the main advances in termite biology, phylogenetics, social evolution and biogeography made within the decade for the reason that Abe et al Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology grew to become the normal sleek reference paintings on termite technology. construction at the luck of the Kluwer ebook, David Bignell, Yves Roisin and Nathan Lo have introduced jointly within the new quantity many of the world’s prime specialists on termite taxonomy, behaviour, genetics, caste differentiation, body structure, microbiology, mound structure, distribution and regulate. Very powerful evolutionary and developmental topics run throughout the person chapters, fed by way of new information streams from molecular sequencing, and for the 1st time it truly is attainable to check the social business enterprise of termites with that of the social Hymenoptera, concentrating on caste choice, inhabitants genetics, cooperative behaviour, nest hygiene and symbioses with microorganisms. New chapters were extra on termite pheromones, termites as pests of agriculture and on damaging invasive species, and new molecular and cladistic frameworks are awarded for clarifying taxonomy, particularly within the better termites which dominate many tropical ecosystems. utilized entomologists, developmental and evolutionary biologists, microbial ecologists, sociobiologists and tropical agriculture experts will all enjoy the new insights supplied by means of this work.

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The fontanelle can be absent (basal condition, Fig. 7a–c), highly enlarged (Coptotermitinae, Fig. 7d), or at the end of a variable length process (Syntermitinae, Nasutitermitinae, Figs. 7j, n–p). All these variations clearly relate to the way the soldiers repel predators. For example, in those cases where soldiers block tunnels (phragmosis) the soldier head width has been shown to be under stabilising succession (Matsuura 2002; Roux et al. 2009). Soldier morphology, however, cannot be separated from the colony structure, the nature of the feeding substrate, and the energetic cost of producing soldiers for the colony.

2009), as do those for mantids (Grimaldi 1997). These data suggest that the stem group for Dictyoptera arose around the time of the late Jurassic, and radiated soon afterwards. The agreement between phylogenetic trees for Blattabacterium and their termite and cockroach hosts suggests that the ancestor of all extant cockroaches (with the possible exception of Nocticolidae) was infected with this bacterium. Co-cladogenesis between these two partners has thus been occurring for at least 130 million years.

The basal phylogenetic position of Mastotermes darwiniensis among termites has been confirmed, however agreement on the phylogenetic positions of members of the Kalotermitidae, Termopsidae and Hodotermitidae has yet to be reached. Relationships between and within the Rhinotermitidae and Serritermitidae also remain to be settled. Key lineages of the major family Termitidae, however, are now fairly well established. 1 Introduction Termites are the most important decomposer insects in tropical forest, tropical savanna, and desert ecosystems.

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