Biopolymers Reuse, Recycling, and Disposal by Dr. Michael Niaounakis

By Dr. Michael Niaounakis

Biopolymers Reuse, Recycling and Disposal is the 1st publication protecting all facets of biopolymer waste administration and post-usage situations, embracing present applied sciences, purposes, and the habit of biopolymers in quite a few waste streams. The publication investigates the advantages and weaknesses, social, monetary and environmental affects, and regulatory facets of every expertise. It covers types of recycling and degradation, in addition to existence cycle research, all supported via case experiences, literature references, and precise information regarding international patents. Patents in particular-comprising eighty% of released technical literature during this rising box, largely scattered, and sometimes to be had in eastern only-are a key resource of data. Dr. Niaounakis attracts on disciplines reminiscent of polymer technological know-how, administration, biology and microbiology, natural chemistry, environmental chemistry, and patent legislation to provide a reference advisor for engineers, scientists and different pros interested in the advance and construction of biopolymers, waste administration, and recycling. this knowledge can be priceless for regulators, patent lawyers and lecturers operating during this box.

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As a packaging polymer, PPC is touted as offering unique impact resistance, stiffness, and oxygen barrier properties. WO2011005664 A2 (2011, NOVOMER INC) discloses PPC films as parts of a multilayer film. In certain embodiments, PPC acts as a tie layer in a laminate film. 27 Poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC). film. In certain other embodiments, the films comprise a PPC composition in combination with one or more other degradable polymers such as PLA, PHB, poly(3hydroxypropionate (P3HP or PHP), starch, or modified cellulose.

26). Until recently, high molecular weight PPC has been predominantly synthesized using zinc carboxylate catalysts to copolymerize propylene oxide and carbon dioxide. 24 Polydioxanone (PDO). 26 Poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC). 24 The resulting material was the focus of intense investigation, and several companies have explored applications for the material as a commodity thermoplastic. To date, PPC has been commercialized only as a sacrificial polymer in applications where the clean thermal decomposition of PPC is advantageous.

Lignin fills the spaces between the cell membranes of ligneous plants and turns them into wood, thereby producing a mixed body of pressure-resistant lignin and cellulose having good tensile strength. 12 Commercially available starch-based products Biopolymer Commercial name Cornstarch Mater-BiÒ Novamont (IT) Cornstarch PlanticÒ HP PlanticÒ R1 Plantic (AU) Packing foods and goods Starch BIOPLAST BIOPLAST BIOPLAST BIOPLAST Biotec (DE) Food packaging, cosmetics packaging, bags, waste bags, foamed products, thermoformed trays, visit cards, etc.

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