# Bose-Einstein Condensation of Excitons and Biexcitons: And by S. A. Moskalenko, D. W. Snoke

By S. A. Moskalenko, D. W. Snoke

Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons is a special impact during which the digital states of an outstanding can self-organize to obtain quantum part coherence. The phenomenon is heavily associated with Bose-Einstein condensation in different structures reminiscent of liquid helium and laser-cooled atomic gases. protecting theoretical points in addition to fresh experimental paintings, the publication presents a finished survey of the sphere. After introducing the suitable simple physics of excitons, the authors talk about exciton-phonon interactions in addition to the habit of biexcitons. in addition they hide exciton phase-transitions and provides specific awareness to nonlinear optical results together with the optical Stark impact and chaos in excitonic platforms. The thermodynamics of equilibrium, quasiequilibrium, and nonequilibrium platforms are tested intimately. all through, the authors interweave theoretical and experimental effects. The ebook might be of significant curiosity to graduate scholars and researchers in semiconductor and superconductor physics, quantum optics, and atomic physics.

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31) tf(k)^L. 32) P,q,k Here the following notation is introduced: Lk = 38 Basic Theory To eliminate the term that is linear in the operators a^ and a^, one can determine the chemical potential /x as follows: H = £ex(k0) + L o . 33) The part of the Hamiltonian that is quadratic in the operators a\ and aq can be diagonalized using Eq. 32). 34) The diagonalization can be effectuated by the linear transformation to new Bose operators |jj and §k as follows: where the coefficients of two alternative presentations obey the relations Ak Vk u\-vl = = \.

B 33, 8506, (1986). The suggestion that the power law seen in the Bose saturation effect originates from a balance of the Auger heating and cooling rates was first made by C Benoit a la Guillaume in 1988. A. Moskalenko, Fiz. Tverd. Tela 4, 276 (1962). M. W Boer, and W Brandt, Phys. Rev. 126, 1691 (1962). 1 The Bogoliubov Model of the Weakly Nonideal Bose Gas In this chapter we review the basic theory of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of excitons. To start, this means we must review the basic theory of BEC of any kind of particle, the theory known as the Bogoliubov model, after the foundational contributions made by N.