Clean Data - Data Science Strategies for Tackling Dirty Data by Megan Squire
By Megan Squire
- Grow your info technology services by way of filling your toolbox with confirmed thoughts for a large choice of cleansing challenges
- Familiarize your self with the the most important facts cleansing approaches, and proportion your personal fresh info units with others
- Complete real-world initiatives utilizing info from Twitter and Stack Overflow
Is a lot of a while spent doing tedious projects equivalent to cleansing soiled information, accounting for misplaced facts, and getting ready facts for use by way of others? if this is the case, then having the suitable instruments makes a serious distinction, and may be a very good funding as you develop your info technology expertise.
The booklet begins by way of highlighting the significance of information cleansing in information technology, and may enable you obtain rewards from reforming your cleansing technique. subsequent, you are going to cement your wisdom of the fundamental ideas that the remainder of the ebook is determined by: dossier codecs, information kinds, and personality encodings. additionally, you will methods to extract and fresh information kept in RDBMS, internet records, and PDF records, via useful examples.
At the top of the booklet, you'll be given an opportunity to take on a number of real-world projects.
What you are going to learn
- Understand the position of information cleansing within the total information technological know-how process
- Learn the fundamentals of dossier codecs, info kinds, and personality encodings to wash facts properly
- Master serious gains of the spreadsheet and textual content editor for organizing and manipulating data
- Convert info from one universal layout to a different, together with JSON, CSV, and a few special-purpose formats
- Implement 3 various recommendations for parsing and cleansing facts present in HTML documents at the Web
- Reveal the mysteries of PDF records and tips on how to pull out simply the knowledge you want
- Develop more than a few ideas for detecting and cleansing undesirable information saved in an RDBMS
- Create your personal fresh facts units that may be packaged, authorized, and shared with others
- Use the instruments from this publication to accomplish real-world initiatives utilizing info from Twitter and Stack Overflow
About the Author
Megan Squire is a professor of computing sciences at Elon collage. She has been gathering and cleansing soiled facts for 2 many years. She is additionally the chief of FLOSSmole.org, a examine undertaking to gather info and study it that allows you to find out how loose, libre, and open resource software program is made.
Table of Contents
- Why do you want fresh Data?
- Fundamentals codecs, kinds, and Encodings
- Workhorses of fresh information Spreadsheets and textual content Editors
- Speaking the Lingua Franca facts Conversions
- Collecting and cleansing facts from the Web
- Cleaning information in Pdf Files
- RDBMS cleansing Techniques
- Best Practices for Sharing Your fresh Data
- Stack Overflow Project
- Twitter Project
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Additional resources for Clean Data - Data Science Strategies for Tackling Dirty Data
An Excel expert will be unfazed if asked to parse out the pieces of a few hundred street addresses or sort a few thousand book titles into categories. No statistician or programmer is going to blink if asked to count the character frequency in a word list. But when string manipulation turns into "extract the source code found embedded in 90 million e-mail messages written in Russian" or "calculate the lexical diversity of the entire contents of the Stack Overflow website", things get a lot more interesting.
Depending on what kind of storage system the integers are stored in, for example, in a Database Management System (DBMS), we may also have additional information about how large an integer can be stored as well as whether it is allowed to be signed (positive or negative values) or only unsigned (all positive values). Numbers with decimals In our data cleaning work, numbers with a fractional component—such as prices, averages, measurements, and the like—are typically expressed using a decimal point (rather than a numerator/denominator).
But then again, maybe we can be more strategic about this. Whether we need to have zero values in our raw data actually depends on what tool we are using to create the graph and what type of graph it is, for example, Google Spreadsheets will build a line or bar graph that can automatically detect that there are missing dates on the x axis and will fill in zero values even if they are not given in the initial dataset. In our data, these zero values would be the mysterious missing dates from most of 1998.