Conceptual Relevance by Joseph Grünfeld

By Joseph Grünfeld

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7. A. Tarski, "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages," in Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, Ope cit. p. 193, n. 1. 8. John McDowell, "Physicalism," Ope cit. p. 114. j1 concepts 9 , for only in this way would the notion of truth become respectable from a physicalist standpoint. But we are not told what it is for a simple expression to have semantic properties. Tarski has two prerequisites for acceptability in truth characterizations: formal correctness and material adequacylO. "Convention T" is his condition for material adequacy, but truth characterization could conform to convention T while being, because of sparseness of set theory, incurably recursive in its account of satisfaction.

An interesting way to raise questions about the relation between language and reality is to ask: how would we state a theory of knowledge that would suffice for understanding a language? The point of the notion of sense is tied to an interest in understanding people's behavior. " One has the ability to tell that a seen object is the bearer of a familiar name without having the slightest idea how one recognizes this. Understanding a language involves knowing what speakers of it are doing, even though such 20.

31. Lewis, op. cit. Kripke, "Naming and Necessity," op. cit. Pollock, op. cit. p. 43. One alternative to this is to make the identity of an object part of the specification of the world as proposed by Kripke 15 • Pollock interprets this to mean the identification of possible worlds with maximal possible states of affairs l6 , but this introduces a concept that is used at the same time both de re and de dicto. States of affairs can never be literally true or false, for two distinct states of affairs are not logically equivalent.

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