Coulson Richardson s Chemical Engineering by R K Sinnott
By R K Sinnott
Coulson and Richardson's vintage sequence offers the scholar with an account of the basics of chemical engineering and constitutes the definitive paintings at the topic for lecturers and practitioners. This quantity covers the applying of chemical engineering rules to the layout of chemical strategies and gear. After an introductory bankruptcy at the nature and method of the layout technique and its program to the layout of chemical production procedures - next chapters hide procedure layout and element, safeguard and loss prevention, gear choice, costings and circulation sheets extensive. Later chapters disguise the exact layout for apparatus for separation strategies and warmth trade. The mechanical layout of approach gear can also be integrated and a bankruptcy on extra common website issues closes the booklet.
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The extensive literature on the subject should be consulted for full details of the methods available, and their application and limitations; see Beightler and Wilde (1967), Beveridge and Schechter (1970), Stoecker (1989), Rudd and Watson (1968), Edgar and Himmelblau (1988), The books by Rudd and Watson (1968) and Edgar and Himmelblau (1988) are particularly recommended to students. 1. General procedure When setting out to optimise any system, the first step is clearly to identify the objective: the criterion to be used to judge the system performance.
1. 807 m s~2, calculate conversion factors to SI units for the following terms: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. feet pounds mass pounds force horse power (1 HP = 550 foot pounds per second) psi (pounds per square inch) Ib ft" 1 s~~ ! (viscosity) poise (gm cm"1 s"1) Btu (British Thermal Unit) CHI) (Centigrade Heat Unit) also known as PCU (Pound Centigrade Unit) Btu ft"2 rT1 °F~1 (heat transfer coefficient). 2. Determine the degrees of freedom available in the design of a simple heat exchanger.
Consider a separation unit, such as a distillation column, which divides a process stream into two product streams. Let the feed rate be 10,000 kg/h; composition benzene 60 per cent, toluene 30 per cent, xylene 10 per cent. 44 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING There are three streams, feed, overheads and bottoms, and three independent components in each stream. Number of variables (component flow rates) = 9 Number of independent material balance equations = 3 Number of variables to be specified for a unique solution = 9 —3 = 6 Three variables are specified; the feed flow and composition fixes the flow of each component in the feed.