Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide (3rd Edition) by Gary Kemp, Tracy Bowell

By Gary Kemp, Tracy Bowell

Severe considering: A Concise advisor is a much-needed advisor to argument research and a transparent creation to pondering in actual fact and rationally for oneself. via certain and available dialogue this booklet equips scholars with the basic talents required to inform an outstanding argument from a foul one.

Key gains of the booklet are:

clear, jargon-free dialogue of key options in argumentation
how to prevent universal confusions surrounding phrases equivalent to ‘truth’, ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion’
how to spot and overview the most typical sorts of argument
how to identify fallacies in arguments and inform solid reasoning from bad
chapter summaries, glossaries and invaluable exercises.

This 3rd version has been revised and up to date all through, with new workouts, and updated topical examples, together with: ‘real-world’ arguments; sensible reasoning; figuring out quantitative info, records, and the rhetoric used approximately them; clinical reasoning; and elevated dialogue of conditionals, ambiguity, vagueness, slippery slope arguments, and arguments by means of analogy.

The Routledge severe considering significant other web site, encompasses a wealth of extra assets, together with examples and case reports, pattern questions, perform questions and solutions, and pupil activities.

Critical pondering: A Concise advisor is key studying for a person, pupil or expert, at paintings or within the lecture room, trying to enhance their reasoning and arguing skills.

Reviews:

Reviews of previous editions:

'This concise consultant deals proper, rigorous and approachable methods…The authors specialize in analysing and assessing arguments in a thoughtfully established sequence of chapters, with transparent definitions, a word list, lots of examples and a few helpful exercises.'

Will Ord, instances academic Supplement

‘In my view this ebook is the main worthwhile textbook out there for its said viewers. It presents awfully transparent factors, with enough technical element, yet with out over-complication. it really is my first-choice textual content for instructing serious pondering to first-year undergraduate students.’

Dawn Phillips, college of Southampton

‘…written with genuine undergraduates, and the traditional blunders and confusions that they generally tend to be topic to, essentially borne in mind…’

Helen Beebee, college of Manchester

'This is the simplest unmarried textual content i've got obvious for addressing the extent, presumptions, and pursuits of the non-specialist.'

Charles Ess, Drury college

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Additional resources for Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide (3rd Edition)

Example text

For instance, there is no logical contradiction in supposing that a thing might count as a ram – that is, fulfil the demands of the primary connotation – yet lack some or, indeed, all of these characteristics. It is not logically impossible that there could be a bald, hornless male sheep that lives in a barn and whose diet consists of potatoes. Why should critical thinkers be interested in the distinction between primary and secondary connotation? The most immediate relevance was demonstrated in our examination of vagueness.

Neither rhetorical ploys nor fallacies provide us with good reasons to do or believe that of which they attempt to persuade us. Fallacies are argumentative, but they constitute bad reasoning. Later, in Chapter 7, we refer to them as ‘pseudo-reasoning’. That is, they are still arguments in the sense that fits our definition of a set of propositions, some of which are premises, one of which is a conclusion, the latter intended to follow from the former. But in one way or another, they are bad arguments.

It is important to be aware of the possibility of irony. In order to ridicule a position they are opposed to, speakers and writers sometimes sarcastically pretend to espouse that position; but it isn’t always obvious that they are doing so. Implicitly relative sentences Consider the following examples: • • • • • She earns an above average salary. It is the best of its kind. Great Uncle Eddie is a fast runner. Taxes are high. The rent on our flat is low. Sentences such as these represent another potential problem for the critical thinker striving to work out exactly what a speaker or writer intends to convey by their words.

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