Découvrir la Philosophie Contemporaine by Marc Le Ny

By Marc Le Ny

Bachelard, Wittgenstein, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Ricoeur, Levinas, Arendt, Bergson, Foucault... Ce advisor retrace l'histoire de los angeles philosophie contemporaine à travers ses courants, ses philosophes, ses recommendations et ses références. Jalonné de citations, chaque chapitre est consacré à un penseur ou à une école et constitue une creation interactive aux grands textes. Structurée et efficace, son approche transmet : le contexte historique des penseurs, leur thèse dans ses grandes lignes, ses facets majeurs, des pistes de lecture, un quiz pour mémoire.

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La conséquence est que la certitude mathématique devient formelle et hypothétique ; les mathématiques ne portent que sur des connexions logiques, idéales, leur vérité ne consiste pas dans leur accord avec le réel, mais dans leur seule cohérence logique. … enfin Kurt Gödel (1906-1978) qui démontra l’impossibilité de fonder absolument un système logique complet et consistant. Kurt Gödel (1906-1978) est un logicien et mathématicien autrichien. En 1931, il formule deux théorèmes décisifs concernant le fondement des mathématiques.

Une succession de révolutions théoriques. C. une succession d’obstacles épistémologiques. D. un progrès continu et constant. 5. Pour Bachelard, le fait scientifique est… B. artificiel. C. construit. 36 A. donné. D. observé dans la nature. 6. Selon la théorie de la falsifiabilité de Popper, … A. rien ne se crée, rien ne se perd dans une théorie scientifique. B. les pseudo-sciences sont celles qui ne peuvent être réfutées. C. on ne peut pas savoir si une théorie scientifique est vraie ou fausse. D.

En remettant en cause les présupposés de la philosophie classique, la philosophie analytique met au jour la complexité syntaxique et sémantique de nos énoncés, propose une nouvelle méthode et élève le langage au rang d’une véritable dimension de la pensée. Telle est la première leçon à tirer : les problèmes philosophiques fondamentaux seront dorénavant formulés à partir d’une analyse des incidences du langage dans lequel ils se formulent. Si la philosophie consister à penser des problèmes – et notamment des problèmes relatifs à la vérité – et si la pensée est indissociable du langage (« penser, c’est opérer sur des signes », selon la formule de Wittgenstein), alors c’est la philosophie elle-même qui est indissociable du langage.

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