Dependency Linguistics: Recent advances in linguistic theory by Kim Gerdes, Eva Hajičová, Leo Wanner
By Kim Gerdes, Eva Hajičová, Leo Wanner
This quantity bargains the reader a different danger to procure a concise creation to dependency linguistics and to benefit in regards to the present state-of-the-art within the box. It unites the revised and prolonged models of the linguistically-oriented papers to the 1st foreign convention on Dependency Linguistics held in Barcelona. The contributions diversity from the dialogue of definitional demanding situations of dependency at diversified degrees of the linguistic version, its position past the classical grammatical description, and its annotation in dependency treebanks to concrete analyses of varied cross-linguistic phenomena of syntax in its interaction with phonetics, morphology, and semantics, together with phenomena for which classical easy phrase-structure established types have confirmed to be unsatisfactory. the quantity should be hence of curiosity to either specialists and rookies to the sphere of dependency linguistics and its computational purposes.
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Extra resources for Dependency Linguistics: Recent advances in linguistic theory using dependency structures
G. jíst ‘to eat’). These constraints must be reflected in the lexicon. g. věřit komu ‘to believe + Dat’, plývat čím ‘to waste + Instr’, zabránit čemu ‘to avoid + Dat’). The operation of passivization is based on the shift of the certain verbal participant to the position of the surface subject. However, reminding the theory of valency of FGD sketched briefly in Section 3, which participant is shifted depends on the type of the verb. Sometimes it is PAT (Example (9)), with other verbs it is ADDR (Example (10)), or EFF (Example (11)).
Mel’čuk, I. 2002. Language: Dependency. In International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, N. Smelser & P. Baltes (eds), 8336–8344. Oxford: Pergamon. Mel’čuk, I. 2003. Levels of dependency in linguistic description: Concepts and problems. In Dependency and Valency. An International Handbook of Contemporary Research, Vol. 1, V. Agel, L. -W. Eroms, P. J. Herringer & H. Lobin (eds), 188–229. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Mel’čuk, I. 2004. Actants in semantics and syntax, I: Actants in semantics.
G. the verb vyzvat’ ‘to call’ has six valency slots, cf. (1). In FGD, the valency frame of the corresponding verb povolat consists of three slots: ACT(Nom) PAT(Acc) DIR3. 2 Valency in the lexicon and grammar In FGD, functors are defined with respect to their language patterning and to their position in the valency frame (a verb with two valency slots includes ACT and PAT, a verb with three valency slots includes ACT, PAT and its third position is determined according to its semantics). Inner participants are divided into obligatory and optional, this information is a part of the valency frame in the lexicon.