Dialogues on Relativism, Absolutism, and Beyond: Four Days by Michael Krausz

By Michael Krausz

What's fact, goodness, or attractiveness? will we relatively outline those innovations with out the assumption of a body of reference? within the most modern addition to the recent Dialogues in Philosophy sequence, Michael Krausz offers fictional dialogues among 4 former classmates who carry considerably various perspectives approximately those questions. As they go back and forth in India, a spot with unexpected recommendations and customs, those 4 buddies debate the rightness of relativism and absolutism. Are those innovations irreconcilable? may possibly there be a greater view that is going past either one of them? those vigorous discussions supply scholars with an obtainable creation to at least one of the main enduring and far-reaching philosophical difficulties of our age.

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Adam: What do you mean? Ronnie: What calendar are you assuming—the Gregorian calendar in contrast to maybe the Hebrew or Hindu, or Chinese or Egyptian or Roman calendars? m. in what time zone? Adam: I’m using the Gregorian calendar. I was born in California, that’s in the Pacific Time zone. Ronnie: That’s a reference frame. Adam: It’s one thing to say that what a historian writes about involves selection and judgments of significance. It’s another thing to say that what actually happened depends upon what a historian believes is important.

I just don’t see it. Ronnie: You want to know how I can account for wrongness if I don’t have available to me frame-independent facts of the matter. Adam: Exactly! Ronnie: I say that someone is wrong if one’s belief doesn’t accord with other beliefs that person holds. For example, one is wrong to believe that the earth is flat if, at the same time, that person finds the photographs of the earth shot at a great distance from it to be convincing; or if, despite one’s belief that the earth is flat, that person believes the testimony of experts to the contrary.

Even if we can’t discover them, regardless of what anybody believes, there must be facts of the matter. I don’t see how you can say no facts of the matter exist. indb 22 10/28/10 7:49 AM Relativism versus Absolutism: A First Encounter 23 Ronnie: But I don’t say there are no facts of the matter. I say no one could know whether facts of the matter exist. I say only that if facts of the matter exist, independent of our knowledge about them, of what use would they be? Adam: What use would they be? What kind of question is that?

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