Russia's Foreign Trade and Economic Expansion in the by Kotilaine
This research is the 1st complete evaluate of Russia's advertisement relatives with the skin international within the 17th century and of the connection among alternate and fiscal progress. according to exhaustive examine in a few thirty archival repositories, it represents the 1st systematic quantification of commodity flows around the diversity of Russia's alternate companions. The e-book finds past due Muscovy to were an more and more open economic system, experiencing extraordinary advertisement growth pushed largely via its interplay with the surface international. It essentially debunks the thought of pre-Petrine Russia as a closed and stagnant, basically mediaeval, society and demonstrated a transparent hyperlink among seventeenth-century fiscal coverage and Russia's next upward push to develop into one of many nice powers of the realm.
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Additional resources for Russia's Foreign Trade and Economic Expansion in the Seventeenth Century: Windows on the World
The famous St. Petershof of Novgorod served as the center of the commercial operations Hanseatic merchants—with some interruptions—for most of the 16th century. 55 The Tiavzino Treaty of 1595 had provided also for a Swedish guesthouse in Novgorod. It is possible that such a facility indeed existed, since the 1617 Stolbovo Treaty refers to it. 56 The immediate postwar period saw attempts to revive operations by foreign merchants in Novgorod. 57 The Swedes received formal assurances in 1618 that they could build a house in Novgorod, as well as in Pskov and Moscow.
No 2, fols. 317–8. 60 RGADA f. , No 5, fol. , No 2, fols. , No 2, fol. 48; f. , No 1, fols. 234–48. A description of the new house was written by the local Swedish resident A. Ebers. The “guesthouse” was an elaborate compound with several buildings for accommodation and storage, as well as a brewery, cellar, horse shed, and an orchard. Forsten, “Snosheniia,” (1898) 2, p. 213. 61 Angermann, “Zum Handel,” pp. 15–6. AHL Alte Bürgerschaft G, fol. 1: “Translation des plescowischen Kaufbrifes;” Angermann, “Der Lübecker Hof in Pleskau,” pp.
The relatively shallow waterway became increasingly risky in the post-Smuta years as the average size of Western vessels increased. For instance, two English ships were wrecked and their cargoes lost in 1630–1. Digby in 1637 claimed that three vessels had been lost in 1634–5. Nonetheless, the Russian, investigating the matter found that the channel had not become shallower and could merely recommend using smaller ships. Following 25 In 1654, the Anglo-Dutch war caused many merchants to stay in the city and they sent some of their wares to the west through the Baltic ports.